Glyphosate, nitrates, phosphates – key issues when it comes to clean groundwater. How to deal with it practically? What are the current legal requirements?? What is the farmer allowed to do and what is he not allowed to do??
Questions like these were the central topic at the expert conference on crop production at the sportheim in wiesengiech. Such educational seminars for farmers are regularly organized by the amt fur ernahrung, landwirtschaft und forsten (AELF) bamberg during the winter months. Education officer waltraud dummler was now able to bury around 130 pawns for this purpose.
In the first major presentation, reinhard ostermeier from the bayreuth center for plant cultivation, one of the four bavarian centers, provided information on current plant protection measures. When explaining glyphosate, he advised the farmers not to buy too much spray because they do not know how long it will be allowed – knowing that there is no verdict yet on whether glyphosate is actually toxic or not.
However, ostermeier urgently pointed out not to spray wegrander or ditches and to observe the slope requirements. With some pictures of blooming rapeseed fields, he warned not to spray with B4 bee-hazardous products during the time when bees are flying, as there is a danger of residues in the honey and beekeepers and farmers need and use each other.
The main topic, however, was the new dung ordinance. Waltraud dummler explained that the european union (eu) had also called on germany to make its groundwater cleaner because it contained too much nitrate and phosphate. But the reduction was a matter for the country. In germany from 31. March a new dunge regulation. "It is imperative that we comply with this, otherwise it will be further aggravated", blue the farmer.
Claudia alberts from AELF coburg came to wiesengiech to provide information on requirements and control points. "The water distance of four meters, or one meter if the dung is placed, must be observed, as well as the requirements for slopes, she admonished the audience. They also addressed the changed suspension periods for gulle in order not to have to set penalties. The storage capacity for the next few years has been changed and there is no room for deviation. Just as with the slurry, the farmers also had to keep precise records for the material flow balance – which the farmers grumbled about "but there's no getting around it anymore", said the speaker.
She answered the few questions of those present in a matter-of-fact and precise manner and left no room for interpretation. For all possible problems, it is advisable to contact the office beforehand.
Waltraud dummler, for her part, used many tables to explain the calculation of the need for fertilizer on arable land and grassland. Like a pastor with a bible, she kept holding the "yellow booklet, a guide to manuring arable land and grassland to the high. "Every farmer must have and read this yellow booklet!", he would tell him several times if a farmer did not listen to his father's words. It was criticized not only by her, but in general, that the necessary programs for easier bookkeeping were not yet available in easy "computer" form submissions.
Anton weig finally concluded the presentations. In the past year, he had carried out tests on fields at three farmers in the district together with the owners, machine manufacturers and traders, and now reported in detail on the results.
The first attempt was to grow the yellow cup plant, also called silphia, on the farm of jorg deinlein in neudorf near scheblitz. The next one ran on the farm of georg and stefan hollfelder in litzendorf under the title "plowless clover-grass plowing in the spring before corn with and without glyphosate". Although the harvest results were presented in detail, in the discussion farmers also pointed out that last year's weather conditions were different from usual and that the product was therefore necessary. The last trial was about the intercrops in hohengubbach with norbert hollfelder.
It's all about reputation
Waltraud dummler closed the event with the words: "i didn't want agriculture to be pilloried, but i wanted farmers to keep their good reputation as farmers!"